Given that Americans are entering a midterm election cycle with enormous implications for the future of the country and its most pressing issues—from inflation to environmental concerns and healthcare—the Miami Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired audited high-profile candidates' websites in key races to ensure they met the accessibility requirements outlined by the Web Content Accessibility guidelines. Regardless of political affiliations and beliefs, all Americans deserve access to information about candidates that can help them make an informed voting decision.
Website accessibility is this generation's wheelchair ramp. Americans cannot sit back while millions who live with vision impairment—a population that notably includes one in four seniors—are shut out of a key aspect of civic life. If voters cannot access candidates' platforms and beliefs, they are short-changed when it comes to making an informed voting decision.
This is not the first time Virginia Jacko, the totally blind CEO of the Miami Lighthouse, and her team have analyzed political candidates' websites to ensure equal access to American democracy. In 2019, when the first Democratic presidential debates were being held in Miami, FL, Jacko and her all-blind team of IT professionals audited every 2020 presidential candidate website. Not a single one was fully accessible to the blind and visually impaired. Her counsel led to several candidates updating their sites and paved the way for a more accessible WhiteHouse.Gov.
Title III in the Americans with Disabilities Act guarantees people with all disabilities the right to equal access, including the blind and visually impaired. This should ensure equitable access to digital and online media in addition to physical spaces.
Below is a full report of our findings and methodology.
Scores range from 1, meaning 'not accessible, 2, meaning "somewhat accessible", 3, meaning "mostly accessible" to 4, meaning 'fully accessible'.
|Candidate (Alphabetical by Last Name)||Score|
|Stacey Abrams (Democrat, Georgia Gubernatorial Race)||3.50|
|Catherine Cortez Mastro (Democrat, Nevada Senate Race)||3.44|
|John Fetterman (Democrat, Pennsylvania Senate Race)||3.00|
|Kathy Hochul (Democrat, New York Gubernatorial Race)||3.11|
|Mark Kelly (Democrat, Arizona Senate Race)||3.10|
|Brian Kemp (Republican, Georgia Gubernatorial Race)||2.80|
|Adam Laxalt (Republican, Nevada Senate Race)||2.78|
|Blake Masters (Republican, Arizona Senate Race)||2.70|
|Doug Mastriano (Republican, Pennsylvania Gubernatorial Race)||3.00|
|Dr. Mehmet Oz (Republican, Pennsylvania Senate Race)||2.33|
|Lisa Scheller (Democrat, Pennsylvania's 7th Congressional District)||2.11|
|Josh Shapiro (Democrat, Pennsylvania Gubernatorial Race)||3.00|
|Herschel Walker (Republican, Georgia Senate Race)||3.00|
|Raphael Warnock (Republican, Georgia Senate Race)||2.44|
|Susan Wild (Democrat, Pennsylvania's 7th Congressional District)||2.33|
|Lee Zeldin (Republican, New York Gubernatorial Race)||2.89|
An assessment was conducted by the Miami Lighthouse for the Blind from June 14 to June 16, 2022. The sample was comprised of the political candidates' official campaign websites as they appeared on those dates. Websites were assessed for accessibility to persons using assistive technology software such as screen readers. Candidate websites were ranked in order of accessibility. The process consisted of analyzing each website using the latest assistive technology screen reading software such as JAWS for Windows and the World-Wide Consortium (W3C) Website Accessibility Content Guidelines (WCAG v2.0/2.1) subset of 10 criteria. The review was conducted by the CEO of Miami Lighthouse and her IT experts, all of whom are blind. Scoring was based on the following criteria and scale:
We used a subset of the most common criteria from the WCAG v2.0/2.1. The weighting scale numbers assigned to each criteria were evaluated on a 50 percent scale majority. Therefore, as an example using the criteria of: "Is website organized for ease of navigation" using our best knowledge and experience with assistive technology software, if more than half of the individual pages examined on a particular website exceeded 50 percent of the specific criteria such as if the pages contained proper region divisions for page organization, the weight score would be a 3 for mostly accessible. If it fell below half of the individual pages, then the score would be a 2 for somewhat accessible.
In addition, if the specific criteria could not be verified using assistive technology software, then the score for that particular criteria would be a 1 for not accessible and if the criteria was fully verified using the assistive technology software throughout all pages on a site, then the score would be a 4 for fully accessible.
All candidates should ensure their websites are fully ADA compliant and immediately put an accessibility statement on their page. This statement should reinforce their commitment to website accessibility and should provide a phone number and live email address for anyone needing assistance navigating the website.
Since 1930, Miami Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired, an independent organization, has been Florida's premier rehabilitation organization serving the blind. The mission of the Miami Lighthouse is to provide vision rehabilitation and eye health services that promote education and independence, to collaborate with and train professionals and to conduct research in related fields. Miami Lighthouse serves over 22,000 blind and visually impaired people of all ages each year
For more information, please contact Virginia Jacko, President and Chief Executive Officer at (305) 856-4176 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Miami Lighthouse is AER accredited distinguishing that an agency or school operates at the highest level of quality and is positioned to generate the outcomes needed by the clients.
Miami Lighthouse received the coveted Greater Miami Chamber of Commerce 2023 Nonprofit Business Innovative Excellence NOVO Award with an organizational budget of $2 million and above.
Miami Lighthouse ranks among the elite 1% of U.S. nonprofits having earned 13 consecutive 4-star ratings from Charity Navigator, the nation's premier independent nonprofit evaluator. Receiving such a distinction reflects our sound fiscal management, responsible use of donor dollars, and financial strength.
Early Intervention Blind Babies Program Named the Children's Trust 2016 Program of the Year. This most prestigious award recognizes this Early Intervention Program, in particular, for including parents as teachers.
Miami Lighthouse Learning Center for Children™ is a Florida gold seal and nationally Accredited Professional Preschool Learning Environment (APPLE)
Miami Lighthouse was recognized at the 2015 Florida Blue Foundation Sapphire Awards luncheon as an organization that has demonstrated excellence and innovation in community health.
Miami Lighthouse received the prestigious 2015 Beacon Award in Education at the 13th Annual Beacon Council Awards.
Miami Lighthouse is a two-time Charity Partner (2013 and 2014) of the Marlins Foundation and a 2017 Major League Baseball All-Star Game Legacy Partner. Our Florida Heiken Children's Vision Program has received over $300,000 in charitable donations through these partnerships.
Miami Lighthouse received the prestigious 2008 Concern Award from Health Foundation of South Florida.
Miami Lighthouse received a Silver medal at the 2016 Miami Today Gold Medal Awards Ceremony.
Miami Lighthouse named "Best of Miami" Charity 2017 by the New Times.
Miami Lighthouse received United Homecare's 2012 Thelma Gibson Community Service Award at the 18th Annual Claude Pepper Memorial Awards Ceremony.
Miami Lighthouse received the prestigious South Florida Business Journal 2011 Excellence in Health Care Award in the Community Outreach category.
Miami Lighthouse honored by being named the recipient of the Coral Gables Chamber of Commerce 2010 Non-Profit Business Diamond Award.
Miami Lighthouse received the prestigious 2020 award for "Best in Nonprofit" campaign by PRWeek referred to as the "Oscars of the PR industry".